Bridge mode ماهو

What is Bridge Mode? Bridge mode is a networking feature that enables two routers to coexist without any issues. Once bridge mode is enabled on the router, the extended router essentially creates a mesh network. You can easily connect to the network from a distance You can use your router in bridge mode to connect multiple devices at the faster 802.11ac speed. To do this, you need two WiFi routers: one set up as a router and the other set up in bridge mode. Installing your Nighthawk router as a bridge offers the following benefits Bridge Mode (وضع الموصِّل) Bridge Mode (وضع الموصّل) يُستخدم للاتصال بين شبكتين منعزلتين لاسلكياً. إذا تم تمكين عمل هذه الميزة، فلن يكون باستطاعة أجهزة العملاء اللاسلكية الاتصال بالموجّه Bridge mode is when the router connects multiple 802.3 (Ethernet) LANs. This is the simplest mode of operation, where the router does a store-and-forward operation with little change to the traffic. A common alternative is Access Point mode, where the Router connects the ISP's Ethernet protocol to 802.11 (WiFi) devices

What is Bridge Mode on a Router and How, Why, and When to

  1. هو جهاز اسمة الموجة المتعدد الوظائف يجمع هذا الجهاز بين مزايا كل من ال Bridge وال Router في جهاز واحد يعمل هذا الجهاز ك bridge للبروتوكولات الغير قابلة للتوجية وك Router للبروتوكولات القابلة للتوجية مثل IP ويعمل هذا الجهاز في مستويين في OSI Model مستوى data link عند عملة كبريد
  2. Bridging modes By far the most common CN of hydrogen is 1, as in HCl, H2S, PH3, CH4 and most other covalent hydrides and organic compounds.Bridging modes in which the H atom has a higher CN are shown schematically in the next column — in these structures M is typically a transition metal but, particularly in the Mi-tnode and to some extent in the x3-mode, one or more of the M can represent a.
  3. Bridge mode is the configuration that disables the NAT feature on the modem and allows a router to function as a DHCP server without an IP Address conflict. The modem has to be bridged before connecting to a router since applications like VPN, P2P, and remote management require a public IP Address on the router WAN port for a successful connection
  4. برنامج Bridge يسهل عملية تنسيق المهام Tasks Managing، وفي إدارة تنسيق خصائص الملفات والصور، وإدارة ملفات الميتاداتا MetaData Files، ويسهل عمليات الربط بين التطبيقات، والعديد العديد من المهام التي ينفرد بها عن برنامج Adobe Suite
  5. مساحة عمل Adobe Bridge عبارة عن تكوين معين أو مخطط مؤلف من لوحات. يمكنك تحديد إما مساحة عمل مكوّنة مسبقًا أو مساحة عمل مخصصة سبق لك حفظها. من خلال حفظ مساحات عمل Adobe Bridge متعددة، يمكنك العمل في (والتبديل بسرعة بين) مخططات مختلفة
  6. A network bridge is a computer networking device that creates a single, aggregate network from multiple communication networks or network segments. This function is called network bridging. Bridging is distinct from routing. Routing allows multiple networks to communicate independently and yet remain separate, whereas bridging connects two separate networks as if they were a single network. In the OSI model, bridging is performed in the data link layer. If one or more segments of the bridged ne

What is bridge mode and how do I set it up on my NETGEAR

أدوبي بريدج. أدوبي بريدج ( بالإنجليزية: Adobe Bridge )‏ هو برنامج تنظيمي وجزء من مجموعة ادوبى السحابية Creative Cloud من أنظمة أدوبي. غرضه الأساسي ربط تطبيقات الحزمة السحابية معاً باستخدام شكلاً أقرب إلى مستعرض الملفات الذي كان موجوداً في الإصدارات السابقة من أدوبي فوتوشوب Bridged or paralleled modes of working, normally involving audio power amplifiers, are methods of combining the output of two identical amplifiers to provide, what is in effect, a mono amplifier. Combining more than two amplifiers can be effected using the basic principles described, including the possibility of bridge and parallel modes in. إضفاء المركزية على أصولك المبتكرة. Adobe Bridge هو مدير أصول إبداعية قوي يتيح لك معاينة أصول إبداعية متعددة وتحريرها ونشرها بسرعة وسهولة. تحرير البيانات الأولية. أضِف الكلمات الأساسية والتسميات والتقييمات إلى الأصول. تمتع بتنظيم الأصول باستخدام المجموعات والعثور على الأصول. Remote Bridge يربط بين شبكة في مبنى مع شبكة في مبنى آخر (مبنى-مع-مبنى). مراجع [ عدل ] ^ What is a Network Switch vs. a Router? Bridge Mode is only supported for VDSL and Fibre connections. Connect your laptop or computer to one of the LAN ports on the gateway router using an ethernet cable. Type your username and password to sign in. Go to Internet settings. Edit the settings and select the Connection type as Bridged. Click Save

Wi-Fi Bridge Mode . In Wi-Fi networking, bridge mode allows two or more wireless access points to communicate and join their respective local networks.These APs, by default, connect to an Ethernet LAN.Point-to-multipoint AP models support wireless clients while operating in bridge mode, but others can function only point-to-point and disallow any clients from connecting while in bridge-only. In terms of networking, a bridge network is a Link Layer device which forwards traffic between network segments. A bridge can be a hardware device or a software device running within a host machine's kernel. In terms of Docker, a bridge network uses a software bridge which allows containers connected to the same bridge network to communicate. In WorkGroup Bridge mode, the AP acts as a wireless station (STA) on the wireless LAN. It can bridge traffic between a remote wired network and the wireless LAN that is connected using the WorkGroup Bridge mode. The WorkGroup Bridge feature enables support for STA-mode. The WAP device can operate on Basic Service Set (BSS) as an STA device تترجم خدمة Google المجانية الكلمات والعبارات وصفحات الويب بين الإنجليزية وأكثر من 100 لغة أخرى بالنسبة الي وضعية الأجازة او الـ Sleep mode ماهي؟ ببساطة شديدة, وضعية الأجازة, تتيح لك فرصة لكي تستطيع ان ترتاح لفترة معينة من اللعبة و توقف جميع الهجمات المتجها اليك. متى استطيع تفعيل وضعية الأجازة؟ يجب ان تقوم بأعلان وقت.

دليل مستخدم جهاز Wireless Route

Make sure you are running the latest version of Bridge theme and included plugins. If you are experiencing any issues, a good way to determine what's causing them is disabling the 3rd party plugins and checking whether some of them might be producing the problem Once in Bridge Mode, you will not be able to use the wireless features of the Shaw Modem, and you will only be able to use as many Ethernet ports on the back of the modem as you have IP's registered to your device. Typically this means you will only be able to use one or two Ethernet ports simultaneously ماهو رائيك بالميك اب العروس. Fashion-mode. August 10, 2017

What is a bridge mode in a router? - Quor

الصفحة 1--ماهي العلاقة بين عطل safe mode&test mode وايسي البور وكيف يحدث هذا العطل ؟ 2-صلحت جهاز 6510 كان عطله test mode حيث نزعت مقاومة هي على خط المايك وليست على خط bsi On the Set up Single Sign-On with SAML page, in the SAML Signing Certificate section, click Download to download the Certificate (Raw) from the given options as per your requirement and save it on your computer.. On the Set up Bridge section, copy the appropriate URL(s) as per your requirement.. Create an Azure AD test user. In this section, you'll create a test user in the Azure portal called.

شرح لأهم اجهزة الشبكات Hub و Repeater و Bridg

The default network. When libvirt is in use and the libvirtd daemon is running, a default network is created. We can verify that this network exists by using the virsh utility, which on the majority of Linux distribution usually comes with the libvirt-client package. To invoke the utility so that it displays all the available virtual networks, we should include the net-list subcommand Bridge mode. With bridge mode, you're using a virtual network bridge to create a layer between the host and the networking of the container. This way, you can create port mappings that remap a host port to a container port. The mappings can be either static or dynamic.. Bridge mode is when the router connects multiple 802.3 (Ethernet) LANs. This is the simplest mode of operation, where the router does a store-and-forward operation with little change to the traffic. A common alternative is Access Point mode, w..

The mode selection may be toggled between forward and reverse by toggling the MODE[0] bit of the CWGxCON0 register while keeping the MODE[2:1] bits static, without disabling the CWG module. When connected, as shown in Figure 1, the outputs are appropriate for a full-bridge motor driver. Each CWG output signal has independent polarity control. Some Linksys Smart Wi-Fi Routers support Wireless Bridge Mode. To check if your router has this option, log in to the router's web-based setup page and click on Connectivity > Internet Settings. Wireless Bridge Mode uses one of the wireless network bands to connect to your upstream router

Bridging modes - Big Chemical Encyclopedi

Bridge mode is only needed when encountering specific cases of Double NAT.For most people, Double NAT does not affect Wi-Fi performance. However, it can be an issue if you play online games or use IP address assignments, port forwarding rules, or Universal Plug and Play (UPnP).. Learn more about Double NAT and when you might need bridge mode لكن السؤال هنا ما هو البيوس BIOS وما هو UEFI. إن كلا من البيوس و UEFI هي عبارة عن برمجيات منخفضة المستوى والتي تظهر عندما يتم إقلاع الحاسوب وقبل إقلاع نظام التشغيل ، ولكن UEFI أكثر حداثة ، يدعم شريحة. A network bridge is a computer networking device that creates a single, aggregate network from multiple communication networks or network segments.This function is called network bridging. Bridging is distinct from routing.Routing allows multiple networks to communicate independently and yet remain separate, whereas bridging connects two separate networks as if they were a single network

Home > Screenshots > Huawei > B525s-23a > Bridge Mode Router Screenshots for the Huawei B525s-23a This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website safe mode :ماهو ؟ وكيف يتم تفعيله و تعطيله؟ وضع الأمان اليوم سوف نتحدث عن مشكلة منتشرة لدى مستخدمي أجهزة الأندرويد والكثير لم يفهم دورها ولا طريقة إلغائها و هي ظهور كلمة أسفل الشاشة على اليسار.. Bridge mode didn't work on my Win10 host. None of the solutions listed here or mentioned elsewhere worked. Here is how I got it working. The Ethernet network adapter on my host computer was configured for a static IP. When I changed it to DHCP bridge mode worked. The strange thing is that my host was connected to the LAN with WIfi which was. under the ssid dot11 ssid test authentication open authentication key-management wpa version 2 wpa-key ascii 0 Dot11Radio {0 | 1} encryption mode ciphers aes-ccm ssid test HTH, Stev About Bridge Mode with AT&T. In a bridged mode, the modem/gateway device does not authenticate, does not manage, has no ability to perform any firewall protection, and does not allow for remote access into the modem/gateway device. The subsequent device connected to the DSL/Broadband modem/gateway device has to perform all these tasks, if needed

Network bridge. A bridge is a piece of software used to unite two or more network segments. A bridge behaves like a virtual network switch, working transparently (the other machines do not need to know about its existence). Any real devices (e.g. eth0) and virtual devices (e.g. tap0) can be connected to it. This article explains how to create a. Network Bridge is a feature that has been part of Windows for a long time. A bridge allows you to connect two or more network segments together allowing devices to join the network when it's not. In Half Bridge mode, two output signals are generated as true and inverted versions of the input as illustrated in Figure 1.A nonoverlap (dead band) time is inserted between the two outputs to prevent shoot-through current in various power supply applications 1. Open a web browser, and go to the Admin Tool at 192.168..1. Note: If disabling Bridge Mode, your device must be connected to your gateway with an Ethernet cable. 2. Enter admin as the Username and password as the Password. Note: If you previously changed your Admin Tool password, use the new password to log in. 3 And one of the best features of Bridge is the Full Screen Preview mode. It lets us instantly jump to a full screen view of any image for a closer look! 04. Image Review Mode. The Review Mode in Bridge lets us sort through an entire range or series of images. This makes it easy to separate the keepers from the others


Integrated routing and bridging interfaces are logical Layer 3 VLAN interfaces that route traffic between bridge domains (VLANs). So, an IRB logical interface is usually associated with a bridge domain or VLAN. The IRB logical interface also functions as the gateway IP address for the other devices on the same sub-network that are associated with the same VLAN factory mode هو :( نظام استعادة ضبط المصنع ) ويستخدم في الهواتف لإعادة كافة الاعدادات في الهاتف إلي ما كانت عليه عندما كان جديدا ً و حذف كافة البيانات المسجلة على الهات ماهو الفارق بين اجهزة النانو ستيشن الاصدار m2 و m5 . ubnt; ubiquiti إجابة 1 فقط 0 تصويتات . أجاب يوليو 13، 2014 بواسطة إسماعيل الجعثوث مستشار. الفارق الوحيد هو ان النانو ستيشن ام 2.

الفائدة من هذا الوضع هو تشغيل الحاسب فقط بالملفات والبرامج الرئيسية. 02.11.2013 كثيراً مايلاحظ مستخدمي ويندوز إقلاع الحاسب بشكل آلي إلى الوضع الآمن Safe Mode

When to put modem into bridge mode Answer NETGEAR Suppor

ماهو الوضع الداكن Dark Mode الوضع الداكن هو أحد إعدادات العرض لواجهات المستخدم ، مثل الهاتف الذكي أو الكمبيوتر المحمو The bridge domain is set in flooding mode as the servers' gateways are outside the ACI cloud. ARP negotiations occur in the following process: The server sends one ARP broadcast request over the VLAN 10 network. The ARP packet travels through the tunnel network to the external server, which records the source MAC address, learned from its. 1. Position the bridge. Place the wireless bridge within range of your wireless router's signal, and also within a cable's length of your wired devices. 2. Connect the bridge to your network. If your router supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup, or WPS, setup is easy. Simply press the WPS buttons on your bridge and router to link them wirelessly Manage a user-defined bridge . Use the docker network create command to create a user-defined bridge network. $ docker network create my-net. You can specify the subnet, the IP address range, the gateway, and other options. See the docker network create reference or the output of docker network create --help for details

The bridge is added to the alias of the security zone you specify. To add network interfaces, select the check box adjacent to each network interface to add to the bridge configuration. To configure DHCP settings, select the DHCP tab. From the DHCP Mode drop-down list, select DHCP Server or DHCP Relay In most cases, the bridge code is built as a module. If the module is configured and installed correctly, it will get automatically loaded on the first brctl command.. If your bridge-utilities have been correctly built and your kernel and bridge-module are OK, then issuing a brctl should show a small command synopsis. # brctl # commands: addbr <bridge> add bridge delbr <bridge> delete bridge. The XML configuration file of the default network bridge is shown in the screenshot below. As you can see, the network bridge name is the default.The forward mode is nat or Network Address Translation. The network bridge interface name is virbr0.The ip address of the bridge is and the subnet mask is 255.255.255..The DHCP server of the network bridge is configured in the dhcp block

Re: How to bridge a n150 wnr1000v2. Welcome to the community, @phil91729. You can only set it up if it has an option from the admin page that says Enable Bridge Mode Wireless Settings. If you do not see that option then there's no way to be used it as a wireless bridge The FRITZ!Box cannot be used as a simple modem or in so-called bridge mode. If it were used as a simple modem, it would no longer be possible to use the telephony functions and television services included in internet packages offered with many fibre optic connections. The majority of the FRITZ!Box functions could also not be used then With bridge VLAN filtering you can limit which packets are allowed to access the device that has the bridge configured, the most common practice is to allow access to the device only by using a very specific VLAN ID, but there are other ways you can grant access to the device. Management access is a great way to add another layer of security. قم بتحميل وتنصيب Apple Mobile Device USB Driver أجهزة أخري تعريفات Windows 7, XP, 10, 8, و 8.1, او قم بتحميل برنامج DriverPack Solution لتنصيب التعريفات الآل

ما هي طريقة استخدام برنامج Adobe Bridge؟ - أسئلة التصميم

bridge. Download the latest version. About bridge. bridge. is a powerful add-on editor designed to speed up your development process. It provides a rich editing experience for all files inside behavior and resource packs (JavaScript, JSON and functions) and provides a powerful work environment.Unleash the full power of add-ons with bridge. plugins and make use of rich auto-completions provided. Bridge mode is the configuration that disables the NAT feature on the modem and allows a router to function as a DHCP server without an IP Address conflict. Connecting multiple routers can extend the Wi-Fi coverage in your office/home. Bridge mode fixes this by letting multiple routers share one single Wi-Fi network Enable Bridge mode. Open the app and click on the gear icon. Click on Advanced. Scroll down to Bridge mode. Choose between Automatic (default), On, and Off. Configuration options Automatic. By default, Bridge mode is set to Automatic. If the app fails to connect three times, it will then attempt a bridge connection

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Router / AP / Bridge Mode is a pick one mode control. I claim. Older (now unavailable) editions of some manuals (May 2017, 202-11301-11 for the R7000, for example), included a Figure 9. Router in bridge mode with an 802.11ac WiFi connection which actually made sense, and clearly showed who was connected to. You can mitigate this risk by running Ghidra Bridge from a Ghidra server with reduced permissions (a non-admin user, or inside a container), by only running it when needed, or by running on non-network connected systems. Remote eval. Ghidra Bridge is designed to be transparent, to allow easy porting of non-bridged scripts without too many changes Chế độ Bridge mode hiểu đại khái là chế độ cầu nối, thiết bị trung gian chuyển đổi tín hiệu quang và chịu sự quản lý của thiết bị khác, là thành phần phụ ở trong mạng. Ở bước này modem sẽ đóng vai trò là thiết bị chuyển đổi tín hiệu quang Bridging mode A complex class may contain the attribute behavior of multiple dimensions, which can be logically separated into the abstract part (Interface) and the implementation (abstract class) part. 1. By separating the abstract part and the i.. Bridge mode is a service that many routers have. The main types of network bridging technologies are simple bridging, multiport bridging, and learning or transparent bridging.In the context of a two-port bridge, one can think of the forwarding information base as a filtering database

If you prefer to use a third-party router in addition to your Shaw modem, Bridge Mode can solve complications with your Internet service. In a typical Shaw home network, you are provided with a single public IP address by Shaw. This address is assigned to your wireless modem, which acts as a router to allow wireless connections Bridging in OpenVPN. OpenVPN allows two different modes of operation: routed mode and bridged mode.This article is about the latter. Bridged mode means that the VPN tunnel encapsulates full ethernet frames (up to 1514 bytes long), rather than IP packets (up to 1500 bytes). In itself, this would just add some overhead to the VPN traffic; but in practice, together with some special configuration. Thanks Datalink for your feedback. I'll first try out the built-in Wi-Fi capability of their modems and see what speeds I get from my wireless devices. I'll post the results here to get feedback on the results. If bad, I'll put the Rogers modem on bridge mode and my Linksys E1200 for Wi-Fi instead and see it that improves performance How to Bridge your Hitron CODA 4582 Modem. Bridging your modem allows you to use a third-party router and disables the modem's Wi-Fi capability. Follow these steps to bright the Hitron CODA 4582 modem. Open a web browser and visit 192.168..1. Password: password (or your easy connect Wi-Fi password) Select Basic. Select the Gateway Function tab Commands:- /sw mode /sw help To use the mod you need to download forge 1.8.9 and install it and when the installation is complete press Windows Key + r and write speed-bridge-forge-mod-for-1-8-9. Join Planet Minecraft! We're a community of creatives sharing everything Minecraft! Even if you don't post your own creations, we appreciate.

كيفية استخدام لوحات Adobe Bridge وإدارة مساحات العمل

When you set a network adapter of a VMware Player machine in the Bridged mode, by default it automatically chooses which physical network adapter to bridge to. This can cause issues if you have multiple network adapters installed on the physical system, in which case it can choose the wrong one Go to File > Browse in Mini Bridge. Or, you can go up to the Window menu, choose Extensions, and then choose Mini Bridge: Go to Window > Extensions > Mini Bridge. If you'd rather not take the scenic route, a faster way to open Mini Bridge is by clicking on the new Mini Bridge icon in the Application Bar at the top of the screen

Bridging (networking) - Wikipedi

Wi-Fi extender / repeater / bridge configuration If supported by both devices, consider using WDS, Layer 2 GRE tunnels (gretap), or mesh networking. Using relayd as instructed in this article isn't guaranteed to work and only supports IPv4 The most common problem is that the client router cannot pass th No there is no true bridge mode. I don't know the technical details of why or if there is a reason but AT&T dose not offer bridge mode on any of their recent gateways. The Arris gateways use something called IP Passthrough mode and the Pace 5268AC uses DMZ All of our Bridge games are 100% free, all day, every day! Join the 247 Games Fam! and get the latest news on game releases and daily challenges. Email Address * Games. Solitaire Mahjong Sudoku Freecell Backgammon Blackjack Bridge Checkers Chess Hearts Poker Roulette Slots Spades Video Poker Word Search Crossword Arcade

To configure a Virtual System to use bridge mode, define it as such when you first create the object. To configure a Virtual System for the Active/Standby Bridge mode: In the Virtual System General Properties page of the new Virtual System object, select Bridge Mode. Click Next. The Virtual System Network Configuration window opens Workgroup Bridge Mode. Feb 07, · Wi-Fi Bridge Mode. In Wi-Fi networking, bridge mode allows two or more wireless access points to communicate and join their respective local networks. These APs, by default, connect to an Ethernet LAN. Point-to-multipoint AP models support wireless clients while operating in bridge mode, but others can function. 2. Connect the bridge to your network If your router supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup, or WPS, setup is easy.Simply press the WPS buttons on your bridge and router to link them wirelessly. The DAP-1522 supports WPS, as do most D-Link routers.. Look for the Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) logo on your router to make sure it supports this preferred security standard MF279 is the worst. It freezes about every 8-10 days of use no matter what mode is used (what ZTE programmed as a bridge for Telus) or the 10 devices on either band (which in my books does not equal 20 because some equipment purchased does not always go either way!). I use have the equipment sitting on a shelf and use other (unlocked and usable.

set 4 default-vlan-id=300 vlan-header=add-if-missing vlan-mode=secure /interface ethernet switch vlan add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1,ether4 untagged=ether3 vlan-ids=200 add bridge=bridge1 tagged=ether1 untagged=ether4 vlan-ids=300. 24 Conclusion Misconfiguration o In bridge mode, the TP-Link will simply be a VDSL modem. It will only be a mechanism for connecting your network to the FTTN network. It will do no routing, no QoS, no NAT, etc. Your 'main router' will do all of this stuff. The second setup you described is usually referred to as WAN bypass mode. In this setup the TP-Link does all the routing. Many 802.11g products now come equipped with WDS bridging and repeating capabilities, but getting them set up isn't as easy as it should be. This ProblemSolver will first review the basics of WDS.

أدوبي بريدج - ويكيبيدي

Enabling bridge mode on a device will force it to only act as a modem, letting you configure PPP connection on your own device (router or firewall) connected behind. This guide will explain you how to put your FRITZ!Box in bridge mode. It is applicable to all certified models of FRITZ!Box The shape of the line voltage and phase voltage is opposite to the 120-degree mode of operation. Here, for phase voltage, a waveform is a three-stepped wave and for line voltage, a waveform is a quasi-square wave. In a 180-degree mode of operation, two thyristors of the common bridge are ON and OFF simultaneously

Bridged and paralleled amplifiers - Wikipedi

works in step down mode, for a duty cycle over 0.5, the converter then operates in the step up mode. * Rectifier: V RRM > V inmax + V out * Power switch : Device selection: V in.δ 1-δ I F (av) > I out V cevmax or V DSS > V inmax + V out I out ∆I 1-δ 2 V out = I cmax or I Dmax > + ∆ i L 4/18 APPLICATION NOT MoDOT outlines I-70 bridge plans near Rocheport. In a YouTube video released Wednesday night, the Missouri Department of Transportation detailed plans for the construction of the new Interstate 70.

In bridge mode, macvlan traffic goes through a physical device on the host. In 802.1q trunk bridge mode, traffic goes through an 802.1q sub-interface which Docker creates on the fly. This allows you to control routing and filtering at a more granular level. Bridge mode. To create a macvlan network which bridges with a given physical network. Bridge. This guide will help you set up an obfs4 bridge to help censored users connect to the Tor network. The requirements are: Note 1: If you're running a platform that is not listed on this page, you can compile obfs4 from source. Note 2: If you're planning to turn an existing but non-bridge relay into a bridge relay, changing IP address. Now, with a serial bootloader and an ESP8266 in Wifi-to-serial bridge mode, you can reflash your microcontroller wirelessly, and then telnet in to interact with and debug the system remotely. Once. Live. •. Rope-Bridge is a mod that builds (you guessed it) rope bridges AND now rope ladders! Features: Bridge Building Gun with three separate craftable parts. Ladder Building Gun with three seperate craftable parts. Simple point-and-shoot system. Building animations. Custom bridge quarter-slabs